- Xalan-C++ Features
- Getting to work with Xalan-C++
- Getting up to speed with XSLT
Xalan-C++ (named after a rare musical instrument) implements the W3C Recommendation 16 November 1999 XSL Transformations (XSLT) Version 1.0 and the XML Path Language (XPath) Version 1.0. XSLT is the first part of the XSL stylesheet language for XML. It includes the XSL Transformation vocabulary and XPath, a language for addressing parts of XML documents. For links to background materials, discussion groups, frequently asked questions, and tutorials on XSLT, see Getting up to speed with XSLT.
|XSL also includes a vocabulary for formatting documents, which is not part of Xalan-C++. For more information, see Extensible Stylesheet Language (XSL) Version 1.0 W3C Recommendation and the Apache XML FOP (Formatting Objects Project) .|
You use the XSLT language to compose XSL stylesheets. An XSL stylesheet contains instructions for transforming XML documents from one document type to another document type (XML, HTML, or other). In structural terms, an XSL stylesheet specifies the transformation of one tree of nodes (the XML input) into another tree of nodes (the output or transformation result).
|The XSL stylesheet may generate and refer to cascading style sheets (CSS) as part of its output.|
In the following example, the foo.xsl stylesheet is used to transform foo.xml into foo.out:
<?xml version="1.0"?> <doc>Hello</doc>
<?xml version="1.0"?> <xsl:stylesheet xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform" version="1.0"> <xsl:template match="doc"> <out><xsl:value-of select="."/></out> </xsl:template> </xsl:stylesheet>
- Xalan-C++ fully implements the W3C Recommendation 16 November 1999 XSL Transformations (XSLT) Version 1.0.
- Xalan-C++ incorporates the XML Path Language (XPath) Version 1.0.
- Xalan-C++ uses Xerces-C++ to parse XML documents and XSL
The input may appear in the form of a file or URL, a stream, or a DOM. Xalan-C++ performs the transformations specified in the XSL stylesheet and produces a file, a stream, or a DOM as you specify when you set up the transformation.
- Along with a complete API for performing transformations in your C++ applications, Xalan-C++ provides a command line utility for convenient file-to-file transformations.
- Xalan-C++ supports C++ extension functions
Getting to work with Xalan-C++
Getting up to speed with XSLT
If you are still working through the details of the XSLT spec (the W3C 1.0 Recommendation), you may want to consult one or more of the following:
- Crane Softwright's Free preview of Practical
Transformation Using XSLT and XPath
- Doug Tidwell's XSLT, O'Reilly, 2001
- Bob DuCharme's XSLT Quickly, Manning Publications,
- John Robert Gardner and Zarella Rendon's
XSLT and XPath: A Guide to
Transformations, Prentice-Hall, 2001
- Elliotte Rusty Harold's Chapter 17 of
the XML Bible: XSL Transformations
- The Mulberry XSL-List -- Open Forum on XSL
(of interest to XSL users at all levels)
- Objects by Design's Transforming XMI to
HTML (oriented towards XMI, "an XML-based, stream representation of a UML model," but also covers "generic"
XML transformations) and their related XSLT
- OASIS (the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards):
Extensible Stylesheet Language (XSL) by Robin
- Aaron Skonnard and Martin Gudgin's
XML Quick Reference: A Programmer's Reference to
XML, XPath, XSLT, XML Schema, SOAP and More. This reference is published by Addison Wesley, 2003, ISBN/0201740958.
When you come across other useful introductory or background materials, please email Xalan Development Mailing List, so we can add them to this list.
The XML namespace for XSLT. An XML namespace is a collection of element and attribute names, identified by a Unique Resource Identifier (URI), which often takes the form of a URL, but is really just a unique string, not a pointer to a web page. The XSLT namespace URI is http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform. In each XSLT stylesheet, you must declare this namespace in the stylesheet element tag and bind it to a local prefix. Like the XSLT specification, we always use xsl as the XSLT namespace prefix in our descriptions and examples, although you are free to bind any prefix to this namespace.
Any tag associated with the XSLT namespace.
An element, usually with child elements, that specifies a "rule" or set of instructions to perform when a particular kind of node is encountered in the source tree.
XSL Template Instruction
Any tag that occurs inside an xsl:template element and is associated with the XSLT namespace.
The XML tree input to the XSL process.
The tree that is output by the XSL process.
The part of a template that defines the kind(s) of nodes to which the template applies.